Gr8t Preschoolers

ON MY WAY PRE-K

On My Way Pre-K logoOn My Way Pre-K awards grants to 4-year-olds from low-income families so that they may have access to a high-quality pre-K program the year before they begin kindergarten. Families who receive a grant may use the grant at any approved On My Way Pre-K program.

Families are encouraged to complete an online application at: https://prek.carefinderindiana.org/StateLottery/

Preschool Development

All children develop a little differently. If you are concerned about your child’s development, talk to your child’s health care provider.

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT

The typical 3- to 6-year-old:

  • Gains about 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.25 kilograms) per year
  • Grows about 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 centimeters) per year
  • Has all 20 primary teeth by age 3
  • Has 20/20 vision by age 4
  • Sleeps 11 to 13 hours at night, most often without a daytime nap

Gross motor development in the 3- to 6-year-old should include:

  • Becoming more skilled at running, jumping, early throwing, and kicking
  • Catching a bounced ball
  • Pedaling a tricycle (at 3 years); becoming able to steer well at around age 4
  • Hopping on one foot (at around 4 years), and later balancing on one foot for up to 5 seconds
  • Doing a heel-to-toe walk (at around age 5)

Fine motor development milestones at about age 3 should include:

  • Drawing a circle
  • Drawing a person with 3 parts
  • Beginning to use children’s blunt-tip scissors
  • Self-dressing (with supervision)

Fine motor development milestones at about age 4 should include:

  • Drawing a square
  • Using scissors, and eventually cutting a straight line
  • Putting on clothes properly
  • Managing a spoon and fork neatly while eating

Fine motor development milestones at about age 5 should include:

  • Spreading with a knife
  • Drawing a triangle

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

The 3-year-old uses:

  • Pronouns and prepositions appropriately
  • Three-word sentences
  • Plural words

The 4-year-old begins to:

  • Understand size relationships
  • Follow a 3-step command
  • Count to 4
  • Name 4 colors
  • Enjoy rhymes and word play

The 5-year-old:

  • Shows early understanding of time concepts
  • Counts to 10
  • Knows telephone number
  • Responds to “why” questions